Relief portrait bust of Shahjahan
Mughal India, second quarter of the 17th century
Alabaster with remains of gilding and polychromy
The Mughal empire encompassed large parts of the Indian sub-continent (India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh) from 1526 to the mid-nineteenth century. The rulers were the Great Moguls. In fact the name Mogol and Grand Mogul were coined by Europeans in India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. They thought that this dynasty came from Mongolia (Central Asia). The Grand Moguls referred to their own dynasty as the Timurids, after the Central Asian conqueror Timur or Tamberlaine (d. 1405); the title they gave themselves was Padishah, not Grand Mogul. A number of the Mughal emperors contributed significantly to the development of art and architecture in the empire. These included Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan.
Source: The Rijksmuseum, Netherlands